Agresividad y violencia en epilepsia (Spanish Edition)

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Focal myositis is a pseudotumor of soft tissue that typically occurs in the deep soft tissue of the extremities, and is a relatively rare lesion.

There is a wide clinical spectrum, with approximately one-third of patients with focal myositis subsequently developing polymyositis, and clinical symptoms of generalized weakness, fever, myalgia, and weight loss, with elevation of creatine phosphokinase. We report the case of a patient with focal myositis who subsequently developed myositis ossificans-like features.

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Object: To present the experience of a center in epilepsy surgery and to describe the clinical characteristics, surgical challenges, and outcome in epilepsy surgery. Demencia frontotemporal no familiar y epilepsia generalizada Frontotemporal dementia non familial and generalized epilepsy. A 62 year-old patient is presented, without family antecedents of dementia who begins with 45 years of age with sudden crisis of dyspnea, blurred vision, fall to the floor and repetitive jerks of arms.

Tried by epilepsy with phenytoin and valproate repeats similar crisis sporadically.

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Four years ago their relatives began to notice changes of personality, irritability and obsessive behaviors. Later on, are added episodes of disorientation of days of duration, some with auditory hallucinations and also convulsive manifestations. Finally appear polymorphic crisis, some with continue alteration of consciousness, catatonic states and sphincteric incontinence. Physical and neurological examination without abnormalities. Neuropsychological evaluation evidenced consistent. Focal myositis is a rare, benign focal inflammation of muscle.

The lesion often presents as a mass that may be mistaken for a soft tissue sarcoma. This report describes the MRI and histopathological features of a case and illustrates how the diagnosis may be suspected on the basis of the MR findings. Copyright Blackwell Science Pty Ltd.

Getting a scientific paper published in Epilepsia : an editor's perspective. Getting a paper published in Epilepsia depends first and foremost on the quality of the work reported, and on the clarity and convincingness of the presentation. Papers should focus on important and interesting topics with clearly stated objectives and goals. Studies should be carefully designed to include adequate sample size, comparison groups, and statistical analyses.

Critically, the data must be clearly presented and appropriately interpreted. Os autores concluem sobre as vantagens de uma equipe especializada, multidisciplinar, na abordagem da epilepsia rebelde e ressaltam a necessidade de: a. Kransdorf, M. With 3 figs. Resultados: Se incluyeron 33 pacientes 6.


La edad promedio al inicio de enfermedad fue 6. Presentaron antecedente familiar de convulsiones El La edad promedio es de 6. Rev Med Hered ; The Associate Editors were asked to identify a particularly salient and meaningful paper in their areas of expertise. From the content areas of neuropsychology and neuropsychiatry two very interesting papers were identified using quite different ascertainment techniques.

One paper addressed the problem of psychosis in temporal lobe epilepsy, whereas the other represents the first paper to appear in Epilepsia presenting quantitative assessment of cognitive status in epilepsy. These two papers are reviewed in detail and placed in historical context. Procedimento educativo na epilepsia infantil Educational procedure in infantile epilepsy.

Epilepsy is a neurologic disorder, which affects the patient's behaviour and carries strong psychological, social and cultural difficulties. Group-work improves the interaction parent-child, through appropriate explanations regarding the epilepsy. The purpose of this study was to give adequate information about epilepsy through support groups educational procedure and to assess the efficacy of these groups in identifying psychological aspects.

Protocols were applied to 36 parents before and after the sessions, with questions concerning feelings and beliefs about epilepsy as well as parent-child interactions.

As the main results, the following feelings were observed: fear, frightening and anxiety, sadness and rejection. The mioclonic epilepsies are rapid muscular contractions originated by a discharge that comes from the central nervous system and that are identified by the correlation of the EEG with the muscular jerk. The mioclonic epilepsies are a group of epileptic syndromes that evolve exclusively or preferably with myoclonic crises.

They may be classified as idiopathic, symptomatic or cryptogenic according to their cause. They may be benign, severe or progressive depending on their evolution. The aim of this paper was to show the most important characteristics of some of the main mioclonic epileptic syndromes and to make emphasis on the clinical manifestations, EEG findings and the treatment used.

The incidence of non-convulsive epilepsy with electroencephalographic features of Lennox syndrome is related in a 4 years old patient treated with diphenyl-hydantoin. The child had convulsive epilepsy associated with focal multiple spikes in the electroencephalogram at the beginning of the treatment. Based on the observation of transitional forms of benign and severe childhood epilepsies the role of the drug in the establishment of severe yatrogenic epilepsy is discussed.

The diagnosis of epilepsy is basically clinical, but it frequently raises the differential diagnosis with non-epileptic events. In this paper we review the. Full Text Available Insular epilepsy has been rarely reported and its clinical and electrographic features are poorly understood. The electrographic study of the insula is difficult since it is hidden from the brain surface by the frontal and temporal lobe. A 48 years-old woman started having simple partial autonomic and complex partial seizures with automatisms and ictal left arm paresis 8 years prior to admission.

Seizure's frequency was 1 per week. Pre-operative EEG showed a right temporal lobe focus. Neuropsychological testing disclosed right fronto-temporal dysfunction. MRI showed a right anterior insular cavernous angioma. Intraoperative ECoG obtained after spliting of the sylvian fissure showed independent spiking from the insula and temporal lobe and insular spikes that spread to the temporal lobe.

The cavernous angioma and the surrounding gliotic tissue were removed and the temporal lobe was left in place. Post-resection ECoG still disclosed independent temporal and insular spiking with a lower frequency. The patient has been seizure-free since surgery. Insular epilepsy may share many clinical and electroencephalographic features with temporal lobe epilepsy. RMN demonstrou cavernoma insular anterior direito.

Las personasafectadas y sus familias conviven con una enfermedad que incapacita, en muchas ocasiones,al paciente en su actividad diaria. While each year there are 20, new cases diagnosed in our country, epilepsy is the greatunknown by society.

Agresividad y violencia en epilepsia

Affected individuals and their families living with a disease, in manycases, invalidating the patient in daily activities. It is in this aspect, where morbiditysurrounding epilepsy is almost more damaging to patients and their families to the diseaseitself, has been recognized by the World Health Organization as "an important public healthproblem. Epilepsia e ordem de nascimento Epilepsy and birth order. This paper deals with birth order and epilepsy.

The Greenwood-Yule's method was applied, with the most powerful statistical test available, Halperin's modified chi-square. The authors concluded that there is a consistent positive association between this illness prevalence and birth order of the patients, being first and last born over-represented, irrespective of their sibship size. All the patients studied suffered a wide range of psychiatric symptoms. Full Text Available Comorbidities are often associated with chronic neurological diseases, such as headache and epilepsy. For both groups, hypertension was the most prevalent.

On average, patients with epilepsy were taking two antiepileptic medications and those with headache were taking only one prophylactic medication.

Regarding concomitant medications, patients with epilepsy were in use, on average, of one drug and patients with headache of two.